Strawberries grow well in the cool spring months. Early spring is the ideal time to plant them.
Acidity (pH) Tolerance
Grow in a wide range of soil and acid types.
Salinity (Ec) Tolerance
Strawberries do not require a lot of fertilizer and should never be fertilized in the spring. After harvesting your berries, fertilize the soil with an all-purpose fertilizer (16-16-8, 15-10-10, analysis etc.) using about 1 cup for each 10 feet of row.
Strawberries require frequent, thorough irrigations during the fruiting season. Avoid overwatering which increase problems with root rot and iron chlorosis.
Water deeply, applying 1" to 2" of water per week depending on the weather and season. Use a drip or soaker hose system if possible. A good mulch around the plants will conserve soil moisture.
Plant Development and Care
Although commercial growers typically harvest fruit for only one year, the plants can produce for several years.
Weeds, while always a problem in any garden spot are especially troublesome in a strawberry patch. If weeds are given the opportunity to overtake the strawberries, the following years will result in a decline in production. The best way to keep weeds under control and keep mud off the berries, is to use mulches (organic or plastic). Organic mulches encourage slugs, so if slugs are a problem, use plastic.
Black plastic is commonly used around strawberries. Lay the plastic down and plant the strawberry plant through cut holes. Put soil on all the edges of the plastic to hold it down. Be certain to leave an indentation in soil for water collection if you are using sprinkler irrigation.
When using organic mulches, apply a 2" thick layer around the plants each year. Good mulches include straw, grass clippings, compost, leaves, newspaper, etc.
Newly planted strawberries will probably produce a few berries in the first year. However, their heaviest production will occur in years two through five.
Each year, the strawberry crown will multiply. Thin the crown area every spring by removing a few of the middle crowns, which will be older, each spring. This makes light and nutrients available for the remaining plants.
Germination Time (Days)
Seed Germination and Temperature Range
Common Fertilizer Deficiencies
Iron deficiency, or chlorosis, is common in overwatered strawberries. Chlorosis is characterized by pale, small, yellowed leaves with dark green veins. In very severe cases, the edges of the leaves dry up and turn brown, and vines grow and yield poorly.
If you notice symptoms of chlorosis, reduce the frequency of watering. If the condition persists, apply Iron Sulfate or use Sequestrene 138 using recommendations on the bag.
Strawberries do not respond well to foliar sprays of iron.