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Grow & Care - Pea





Fast Facts




Light Requirements Full Sun
Temperature Adaptations Hardy - plant as soon as soil dries out in the spring. Plant another crop in late summer for a fall harvest.
Acidity (pH) Tolerance 6.8 - 5.5
Salinity (Ec) Tolerance Moderately Sensitive
How Pollinated Self
Growth Habits Annual


Additional Information



Fertilizer Requirements

Peas fix nitrogen, but need a complete fertilizer at planting time. It is not necessary to side dress the plants with additional fertilizer later in the season.

Water Utilization

Grow peas in moist, but not saturated soils. After the plants have become established, apply 1" to 2" of water per week filling the root zone and allowing it to partially dry between waterings. Water requirements increase while blooming and producing pods.

Plant Development and Care

Plant peas in cool weather since hot weather stops them from bearing. Fruit and vines tolerate light frost.

Average planting date is March 17th (St. Patrick's Day).

Mulch soil to control weeds and conserve moisture.

Apply pre-plant complete fertilizer as a band incorporated application.

Monitor irrigation and apply one to two inches of water each week on established plants.

Rotate crop every 2 to 3 years.

Peas generally require 45 to 55 days from emergence to harvest, or in cooler climates, 60 days is required.

Cultivate carefully to avoid damaging the roots, which are near the surface.

Mulching the soil to help control weeds and conserve water.

Do not soak seeds before planting, as this results in poor germination and weakened plants.

Germination Time (Days)

36 days at 41 F
14 days at 50 F
9 days at 59 F
8 days at 68 F
6 days at 77 F
6 days at 86 F

Seed Germination and Temperature Range

50 F soil temperature

Common Fertilizer Deficiencies





Pea

Tips

Stagger harvest by making plantings at two week intervals. Last picking should be about end of June.

 

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