Transplants may be set out as soon as the soil dries out in the spring. Chinese cabbage is most successful when it is planted as a transplants. Late summer is the best time to plant in anticipation of a fall harvest.
Acidity (pH) Tolerance
6.8 to 6.0 pH
Salinity (Ec) Tolerance
biennials grown as annuals
Chinese cabbage plants can be heavy feeders. Apply 1 to 2 pounds of an all-purpose fertilizer (20-20-20 per 100 feet of row). Side dress 3 weeks later with ammonium sulphate at rate of 1/2 cup per 10 feet of row.
Chinese cabbage should be supplied sufficient water without creating waterlogged soil. As always, too much water is harmful.
Stress from lack of water will decrease the overall quality of the produce at the time of the harvest. Sandy soils can be supplemented with organic matter to help hold in water.
Plant Development and Care
Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis) and Chinese mustard (Brassica chinensis) are very similar in origins and characteristics.
Chinese cabbage grows to an erect, moderately compact cylindrical head. It has sometimes been called "celery cabbage" because of its oblong shape, but the faint resemblance ends there.
Chinese cabbage and Chinese mustard are annual plants that grow best in a mild climate. If they are planted at such a season that they encounter very hot weather, they will shoot to seed without forming the attractive and productive kind of plant desired. In the warmer half of the United States they generally do better when planted in summer for an autumn crop than when planted in the spring.
Germination Time (Days)
4 to 14 days at temperatures between 45° F and 95° F