Grow & Care - Endive or Escarole
||Full sun (at least six hours)
||Semi-hardy - plant a week or two before the expected date of last frost.
|Acidity (pH) Tolerance
||6.8 to 5.0 pH
|Salinity (Ec) Tolerance
All purpose fertilizer at time of planting. Animal manures and compost should be added to the soil when possible.
Regular irrigation: keep soil moist, but avoid overwatering. Do not let plants wilt.
Plant Development and Care
Endive plants will germinate in cool soils (32° F to 40° F) and grow quickly in these conditions.
Germination Time (Days)
49 days at 32° F
15 days at 41° F
7 days at 50° F
4 days at 59° F
3 days at 68° F
2 days at 77° F to 90° F
Seed Germination and Temperature Range
Common Fertilizer Deficiencies