Hardy: Plant as soon as soil dries out in the spring or in later summer to overwinter.
Acidity (pH) Tolerance
6.8 to 5.5 pH
Salinity (Ec) Tolerance
Biennial grown as an annual
Add 2 lb. of a balanced fertilizer per 100 sq. ft. at planting. Four to five weeks after planting, as the garlic tops reach about 6 inches high, spread another application of this fertilizer around the garlic. Be careful not to over fertilize as too much nitrogen will cause foliage growth, but fewer and smaller new bulbs.
Water to provide moisture for shallow roots. Mulching will also help conserve moisture. Garlic uses about 1" of moisture per week.
Plant Development and Care
Garlic is slow to sprout and slow to increase, but look attractive in the right part of the landscape and require little extra care for the time spent. They will form large flat-bladed plants that send up beautiful flower spikes sporting large, round, lavender-pink, aromatic flower clusters by midsummer. Instead of seeds, tiny bulblets form after the flowers.
Leave bulbs in the ground over the winter, as they will not generally freeze except in very cold winters They will resume growth the following spring and mature into segmented bulbs by mid-summer. Bulb growth can be encouraged by picking the flower heads as they form.