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Pepper - Diseases, Pests and Problems





Basic Information



Problem: Aphid
Affected Area: Leaf and Stem

Description: Small Insects found on new stems and the underside of the leaf. Usually green. They suck fluids from the plant leaving a honey dew substance behind. Leaves turn pale yellow.

Control: Insecticidal soaps or a strong stream of water. Ladybug beetles are natural predators. * Thiodan or Diazinon ? more than one application may be required. * Pesticide use and recommendations for various areas are constantly changing. Check with your County agent for current recommendations.


Problem: Verticillim, Fusarium
Affected Area: Entire plant

Description: Foliage is blighted and wilts Plants wither and die

Control: Plant resistant varieties that have VFN appended to the name on the package. Do not sprinkle late in the day. Rotate tomato plantings yearly.


Problem: Tobacco Mosaic
Affected Area: Leaf

Description: Mottled leaves. Plant becomes sickly and dies

Control: If you use tobacco, do not handle plants without washing thoroughly with soap. Do not smoke around tomato plants. Destroy affected plants


Problem: Blossom End Rot
Affected Area: Fruit

Description: Round, leathery spot on blossom end of fruit. May be slightly sunken. Affects green as well as ripe fruits, but is more common in ripe fruits Is a physiological disorder caused by water imbalances caused by irregular watering or over-watering especially early in the season. Is very common in heavy clay soils.

Control: Water uniformly rather than allowing the plant to experience wet, dry, wet, dry cycles. Water tomato wetting the soil to 24" deep. Mulch to stabilize soils against evaporation. Large temperature fluctuations can stimulate it. A change in summer weather patterns may correct the problem.






Pepper

Tips

When handling hot peppers for storage or cooking, wear rubber gloves to protect hands.

 

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